Below are some ways you can feel better while your body fights off a cold: Get plenty of rest. Drink plenty of fluids. Use a clean humidifier or cool mist vaporizer. The most common cold viruses survive better outside the body. Also, cold weather may make the lining of your nose drier and more vulnerable to an infection by a virus.
Colds are very common. A visit to your health care provider's office is often fkr needed, and colds often get better in 3 to 4 days. A type of germ called a virus causes most colds. There are many types of viruses that can cause a cold. Depending on what virus you have, your symptoms may vary. Treating your commoon will not make your cold go away, but will help you feel better.
Antibiotics are almost never needed to treat a common cold. Over-the-counter OTC cold and cough medicines may help ease symptoms in adults and older children. Many cough and cold medicines you buy have more than one medicine inside. Read the labels carefully to make sure you do not take too much of any one medicine.
How to fix passive voice sentences you take prescription medicines for another health problem, ask your provider which OTC cold medicines are safe for you. Many home remedies are popular treatments for the common cold.
These include vitamin C, zinc supplements, and echinacea. Try treating your cold at home first. Call your provider right away, or go to the emergency room, if you have:. The common cold. Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; chap Turner RB. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; chap Updated by: Linda J. Editorial team. How to treat the common cold at home. Treating Your Cold. Acetaminophen Tylenol and ibuprofen Advil, Motrin help lower fever and relieve muscle aches.
DO NOT use aspirin. Check the clmmon for the proper dose. Call your provider if you need to take these medicines more than 4 times per day or for more than 2 or 3 days. They are not recommended for children under age 6. Talk to your provider before giving your child OTC cold medicine, which can have serious side effects.
Coughing is your body's way of getting mucus out of your lungs. So use cough syrups only when your cough becomes too painful. Throat colld or sprays for your sore throat. Drink plenty of fluids, get enough sleep, and stay away from secondhand smoke. Wheezing can be a common symptom of a cold if you have asthma. Use your rescue inhaler as prescribed if you are wheezing. See your provider immediately if it becomes hard to breathe. Although not proven to be helpful, most home remedies are safe for most people.
Some remedies may cause side effects or allergic reactions. Certain remedies may change the way other medicines work. Talk to your provider before trying any herbs and supplements. Preventing the Spread of Colds.
Wash your hands often. This is the best way to stop the spread of germs. To wash your hands correctly: Rub soap onto wet hands fkr 20 seconds. Make sure to get under your fingernails. Dry your hands with a clean paper towel and turn faucet off with paper towel.
You can also use alcohol-based hand sanitizers. Use a clmmon size amount and rub all over your hands until they are dry. To further how to open posiflex cash drawer colds: Stay home when you are sick.
Cough or sneeze into a tissue or into the crook of your elbow and not into the air. When to Call the Doctor. Call your provider right away, or go to the emergency room, if you have: Difficulty breathing Sudden chest pain or abdominal pain Sudden dizziness Acting strangely Severe vomiting that does not go away Also call your provider if: You start acting strangely Your symptoms get worse or do not improve after 7 to 10 days.
Alternative Names. Upper respiratory infection - home care; URI - home care. Cold remedies. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics. Common Cold. Browse the Encyclopedia.
Days 1 and 2: Stuffiness, Sore Throat, and Runny Nose
Ways To Fight The Common Cold HEALTHY HABITS are Ways To Fight The Common Cold Here is some good news: The hygiene practices you've grown accustomed to during covmask-wearing, frequent handwashing, and social distancing-also help keep colds at bay. Cold and flu viruses thrive in dry air, so keep nasal passages moist with saline spray, and run a cool-mist humidifier in your home. . The common cold, also known simply as a cold, is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract that primarily affects the respiratory mucosa of the nose, throat, sinuses, and larynx. Signs and symptoms may appear less than two days after exposure to the virus. These may include coughing, sore throat, runny nose, sneezing, headache, and fever. The Truth About the Common Cold. Do echinacea and vitamin C really help a cold? Calm a Nighttime Cough. Get a good nightТs rest with these remedies. 15 Immune-Boosting Foods.
There's no cure for the common cold. But what about cold remedies that claim to make you feel better faster? Find out what's effective Ч and what's not. Cold remedies are almost as common as the common cold, but are they effective? Nothing can cure a cold. But some remedies might help ease your symptoms and keep you from feeling so miserable. Here's a look at some common cold remedies and what's known about them.
If you catch a cold, you can expect to be sick for one to two weeks. That doesn't mean you have to be miserable. These remedies might help you feel better:. Soothe a sore throat. Children younger than 6 years are unlikely to be able to gargle properly. You can also try ice chips, sore throat sprays, lozenges or hard candy. Use caution when giving lozenges or hard candy to children because they can choke on them.
Don't give lozenges or hard candy to children younger than 6 years. Combat stuffiness. Over-the-counter saline nasal drops and sprays can help relieve stuffiness and congestion.
In infants, experts recommend putting several saline drops into one nostril, then gently suctioning that nostril with a bulb syringe. Saline nasal sprays may be used in older children.
Relieve pain. For children 6 months or younger, give only acetaminophen. For children older than 6 months, give either acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Ask your child's doctor for the correct dose for your child's age and weight. Use caution when giving aspirin to children or teenagers. Though aspirin is approved for use in children older than age 3, children and teenagers recovering from chickenpox or flu-like symptoms should never take aspirin. This is because aspirin has been linked to Reye's syndrome, a rare but potentially life-threatening condition, in such children.
Try over-the-counter OTC cold and cough medications. For adults and children age 5 and older, OTC decongestants, antihistamines and pain relievers might offer some symptom relief. However, they won't prevent a cold or shorten its duration, and most have some side effects. Experts agree that these shouldn't be given to younger children. Overuse and misuse of these medications can cause serious damage. Talk with your child's doctor before giving any medications. Take medications only as directed.
Some cold remedies contain multiple ingredients, such as a decongestant plus a pain reliever, so read the labels of cold medications you take to make sure you're not taking too much of any medication. The list of ineffective cold remedies is long.
Some of the more common ones that don't work include:. In spite of ongoing studies, the scientific jury is still out on some popular cold remedies, such as vitamin C and echinacea. Here's an update on some common alternative remedies:. Vitamin C. It appears that taking vitamin C won't usually help the average person prevent colds.
However, some studies have found that taking vitamin C before cold symptoms start may shorten the length of time you have symptoms. Vitamin C may benefit people at high risk of colds due to frequent exposure Ч for example, children who attend group child care during the winter. Study results on whether echinacea prevents or shortens colds are mixed. Some studies show no benefit. Others show some reduction in the severity and duration of cold symptoms when taken in the early stages of a cold.
Different types of echinacea used in different studies may have contributed to the mixed results. Echinacea seems to be most effective if you take it when you notice cold symptoms and continue it for seven to 10 days. It appears to be safe for healthy adults, but it can interact with many drugs. Check with your doctor before taking echinacea or any other supplement.
Several studies have suggested that zinc supplements may reduce the length of a cold. But research has turned up mixed results about zinc and colds. Some studies show that zinc lozenges or syrup reduce the length of a cold by about one day, especially when taken within 24 to 48 hours of the first signs and symptoms of a cold. Zinc also has potentially harmful side effects.
Talk to your doctor before considering the use of zinc to prevent or reduce the length of colds. Although usually minor, colds can make you feel miserable. It's tempting to try the latest remedy, but the best thing you can do is take care of yourself.
Rest, drink fluids and keep the air around you moist. Remember to wash your hands frequently. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.
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Request Appointment. Cold remedies: What works, what doesn't, what can't hurt. Products and services. Free E-newsletter Subscribe to Housecall Our general interest e-newsletter keeps you up to date on a wide variety of health topics. Sign up now. Cold remedies: What works, what doesn't, what can't hurt There's no cure for the common cold. By Mayo Clinic Staff. Show references Common cold. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Accessed Feb. Sexton DJ, et al. The common cold in adults: Treatment and prevention. Saper RJ. Clinical use of echinacea. Pappas DE. The common cold in children: Management and prevention. Upper respiratory tract infection. Mayo Clinic; Natural Medicines. Drutz JE. Acute pharyngitis in children and adolescents: Symptomatic treatment. Recommendations for prevention and control of influenza in children, Sullivan JE, et al.
Clinical report Ч Fever and antipyretic use in children. Reaffirmed July Electronic Code of Federal Regulations. Renaud DL expert opinion. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. See also Avoid rebound nasal congestion Breast-feeding and medications Can chicken soup cure a cold?
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