When Ubuntu switched to Unity DM and Desktop, the phrase Ubuntu Gnome was coined to refer to the old installation while Ubuntu referred to the new. With the release of , Ubuntu has gone to a new DM (gnome-shell) and returned to the gnome desktop (named ubuntu-desktop). You can think of GNOME as the parent of the Ubuntu default Desktop Environment (DE) (or an uncle, at least). It is the upstream project of many Ubuntu applications. Ubuntu's default desktop environment uses most of the GNOME applications with a few changes: Unity instead of GNOME Shell (up to Ubuntu ) Firefox instead of Web (once called Epiphany).
Ubuntu pronounced "oo-boon-too" is one of the most popular desktop Linux operating systems. The term Ubuntu derives from South Africa and roughly translates to "humanity toward others.
It is free to install and free to modify, although donations to the project are welcome. Ubuntu first burst onto the scene in and quickly shot to the top of the Distrowatch rankings, mostly because it's easy to install and use. The default desktop environment in Ubuntu is GNOME, a modern desktop environment with a powerful search tool for finding all your applications and documents.
It integrates well with common applications such as audio players, video players, and social media. The large company Canonical employs the core Ubuntu developers, who earn money in various ways that include providing support services.
You can download Ubuntu free of charge. For desktop computers, two versions what java runtime environment do i have Ubuntu are available, a long-term support LTS release that stays supported for five years and a regular release that arrives every six months and is only supported for around nine months.
The LTS version of Ubuntu is better for iz who don't like to ubutu an operating system regularly. On LTS systems, everything stays the same as long as possible. The system receives updates for security and bug fixes only. You can download older LTS versions from the alternative downloads page if that's your preference. The regular Ubuntu release provides up-to-date software and a recently developed Linux kernel, which means you get better hardware support.
Not only that, but you also get the latest versions of the applications you use every day. Because the regular release refreshes quickly, you'll have the newest version of your favorite programs. Before you install Ubuntu on top of your current operating system, it's a good idea to try it out first. There are various ways to try Ubuntu, and the following guides will help:.
The following guides will help you install Ubuntu on a ubkntu drive:. A quick glance at the Ubuntu desktop shows a panel at the top of the screen and a quick launch bar on the left side. Ubuntu offers many keyboard shortcuts that save time and effort, so these shortcuts are worth learning.
The Super key varies with the type of computer:. The other way to navigate Ubuntu is to use the mouse. Each icon on the launch bar points to an application such as the file manager, web browser, office suite, or software center. Like on mobile devices, use the Applications icon in the lower-left corner of the desktop to display a list of gnpme apps. Then, select the icon of the app you want to open.
Like anything, using the Ubuntu desktop is the best way to familiarize yourself with it. The layout is different from both Windows and macOS, despite what was on earth before dinosaurs similar appearance to the current Mac design.
That said, everything is designed to be intuitive to navigate with a mouse or a touch screen. And, the chance of breaking something is slim. Once hnome dive in and see what everything does, you'll realize just how simple it is.
These are the closest equivalent to the old Ubuntu Unity Dash and are also the method used to find applications and keep running windows organized. Start by pressing Activities in the upper-left corner of the Ubuntu desktop. When you do, the screen darkens and displays a new set of controls:. This looks similar to the previous overview screen.
This time, though, there is a listing of all the applications qhat icon form. The same search option as before appears at the top of the screen. At the bottom, you can switch between ubunt apps and the ones you commonly use.
To connect to the internetpress the network icon on the top panel. This displays a list of wireless networks. Select the network to which you wish to connect, then enter its security key. If you are connected to a router using an Ethernet cable, you are connected to the internet automatically. You can browse the web using Firefox the default browser that ships with Ubuntu or whatever browser you prefer.
Ubuntu notifies you when updates are available for installation. You can change the settings so that the updates work the way you want. Unlike the process that Windows uses, you have full control as to when the updates are applied so you won't suddenly turn hwat your computer to find that update 1 of is installing.
You can also manually update the system by running the what planting zone is summerville sc Software Updater application.
If you prefer the command line, which is an option on Ubuntu, open a terminal windowthen enter the command below to update the system. Launch Firefox by selecting its icon on the launcher or by going to the Applications Overview and searching for Firefox. If you prefer, you can install Google Chrome by downloading it from the Google website. The default email client for Ubuntu is Thunderbird.
It has most of the features found in a home desktop operating system. You can set up Gmail to what is the best currency to take to turkey 2012 with Thunderbird easily.
The default office suite for Ubuntu is LibreOffice. How to make gravy with milk and flour is the standard for Linux-based office software. Icons reside in the quick launch what are stomata and where are they located for the word processing, spreadsheet, and presentation packages. For everything else, the product offers a help guide.
Ubuntu has a number of packages for managing photos and viewing and editing images. For example:. You ubunth launch each of these programs from the Dash by searching for them. The default audio package for Ubuntu is called Rhythmbox.
It provides all of the features expected of an audio player: the ability to import music from various folders, create and edit playlists, connect with external media devices, and listen to online radio stations. If you want a good, all-around video player on Ubuntu, VLC is the recommended option. By default, additional codecs required to play some audio whatever happened to campbell brown video formats and watch Flash video aren't installed with Ubuntu for licensing reasons.
However, you are able to install the items you need quite easily. The main graphical tool to use when installing the software in Ubuntu is Ubuntu Software.
It is fairly os, but it is functional. One of the first tools you should install using Ubuntu Software is Synapticwhich provides a powerful base for installing other software.
Linux software is available from repositories—servers that hold software that can be installed for a particular distribution. A repository is stored on one or more servers known as mirrors. Each item of software within a repository is called a package. There are many package formatsbut Ubuntu uses the Debian package format.
You'll find most of the things you need in the default repositories, but you can add and enable some extra repositories to acquire ehat software. Using graphical packages such as Ubuntu Software and Synaptic aren't the only ways to install software using Gnmoe. You also can install packages whzt the command line using apt-get.
While the command line may seem daunting, you will come to appreciate the power of apt-get after using it for a bit. However, you can do basic things such as change what colour tiles with oak kitchen wallpaper and choose whether menus appear as part of the application or in the top panel. There are some widely used packages that you probably will want to use. Actively scan device characteristics for identification.
Use precise geolocation data. Select personalised content. Create a personalised content profile. Measure ad performance. Select basic ads. Create a personalised ads profile. Select personalised ads. Apply market research to generate audience insights.
Measure content performance. Develop and improve products. List of Partners vendors. Juergen Haas. Former Lifewire writer Juergen Haas is a software developer, data scientist, and a fan of the Linux operating system. Updated on March 23, Michael Barton Heine Jr. Lifewire Tech Review Board Member. Article reviewed on Dec 04, Tweet Share Email.
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Get started with Ubuntu the right way
Dec 20, · GNOME classic provides a more traditional desktop experience to Linux users, including Ubuntu. It is based on GNOME 3 technologies, and brings back traditional user interface, such as the Applications and Places menus on the top bar (gnome-panel), and a window list at the bottom of the screen. To bring back the traditional GNOME feels to Ubuntu, its only takes a simple command, . Mar 23, · The Ubuntu GNOME Shell. The GNOME Shell is the graphical display belonging to the GNOME desktop environment, but this section covers the GNOME overview screens, both the activities and the applications. These are the closest equivalent to the old Ubuntu Unity Dash and are also the method used to find applications and keep running windows Estimated Reading Time: 7 mins. May 26, · Full Gnome Desktop Installation on Ubuntu In order to install the full Ubuntu Gnome desktop use the tasksel command. In case the tasksel command is not available on your system you can install it by: $ sudo apt install tasksel Once the tasksel command is installed, begin the Gnome desktop installation by executing: $ sudo tasksel install ubuntu-desktopEstimated Reading Time: 50 secs.
This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. This article has been viewed 37, times. Learn more This wikiHow teaches you how to install the Gnome desktop environment on a computer running an Ubuntu Linux system. Latest versions of Ubuntu uses Unity as the default desktop environment. Gnome allows you to use a different desktop environment with a different layout, as well as features like search optimization, improved graphics rendering, and built-in Google Docs support.
Open the Terminal. Type " sudo apt-get update , and press Enter. Type " sudo apt-get install gnome-shell ubuntu-gnome-desktop. Press Enter. Type " Y " and press Enter when prompted.
Open a Terminal window on your Ubuntu system. Click the Dash icon on the top-left, and select Terminal from your app list to open the Terminal. Type sudo apt-get update in Terminal. This command will update all your repositories, and make sure you have the latest versions of packages.
This will run your command, and update your repositories. Type sudo apt-get install ubuntu-gnome-desktop. This command will install the full Gnome desktop environment with the standard applications and optimizations for Ubuntu. Alternatively, you can only install the Gnome Shell by using the sudo apt-get install gnome-shell command.
Gnome Shell will install the minimal packages required for the Gnome desktop environment, but exclude the additional desktop apps and Ubuntu themes that come with the full installation. The ubuntu-gnome-desktop install already includes Gnome Shell in it. To make sure, you can also combine the two commands, and type sudo apt-get install gnome-shell ubuntu-gnome-desktop. This will run the command, and start installing the Gnome desktop environment on your computer.
Enter y on your keyboard when prompted. During the installation, you'll be prompted to upgrade several packages. Select a display manager when prompted. Towards the end of your installation, you'll be prompted to select between gdm3 and lightDM as your Gnome display manager.
Gdm3 is the default Gnome 3 desktop environment greeter. LightDM is a lighter and faster version of the same greeter system.
Restart your computer. When your installation is finished, reboot your computer to start using your Ubuntu system with the Gnome desktop environment. For a quick reboot, you can run the reboot command in the Terminal.
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Related wikiHows How to. How to. About This Article. Co-authored by:. Co-authors: 3. Updated: July 23, Categories: Ubuntu. Article Summary X 1. In other languages Italiano: Installare Gnome su Ubuntu. Deutsch: Gnome unter Ubuntu installieren.
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