What Does a High Glucose Level Mean?
Mar 11, · High blood sugar can cause headache and fatigue. Blood sugar is fuel for the body’s organs and functions. But, having high blood sugar does not provide a . Jun 25, · A high level of glucose in your blood is a hallmark of diabetes, a serious health condition that affects more than 34 million people in the United States, or slightly more than 10% of the population, according to the American Diabetes Association. However, moderately high glucose levels may only indicate prediabetes, a warning condition that often occurs before Type 2 diabetes develops.
Hyperglycemia means high hyper glucose gly in the blood emia. Your body needs glucose to properly function. Your cells rely on glucose for energy. Hyperglycemia is a defining characteristic of diabetes—when the blood glucose level is too high because the body isn't properly using or doesn't make the hormone insulin.
Eating too many processed foods may cause your blood sugar to rise. You get glucose from the foods you eat. Carbohydrates, such as fruit, milk, potatoes, bread, and rice, are the biggest source of glucose in a typical diet. Your body breaks down carbohydrates into glucose, legels then transports the glucose to the cells via the bloodstream.
Body Needs Insulin However, in order to use the glucose, your body needs insulin. This is a hormone produced by the pancreas. How to treat pcos with diet helps transport glucose into the cells, particularly the muscle cells. People with type 1 diabetes goucose longer make insulin to help their bodies use glucose, so they have to take insulin, which is injected under the skin.
People with llevels 2 diabetes may have enough insulin, but their body doesn't use it well; they're insulin resistant.
Some people with type 2 diabetes may not produce enough insulin. People with diabetes may become hyperglycemic if they don't keep their blood glucose level under control by using insulin, medications, and appropriate meal planning. For example, if someone with type 1 diabetes doesn't take enough insulin before eating, the glucose their body makes from that food can build up in their blood and lead to hyperglycemia.
Your endocrinologist will tell you what your target blood glucose levels are. However, it's not just people with diabetes who can develop hyperglycemia. Certain medications and illnesses can cause it, including beta blockers, steroids, and bulimia.
This article will focus on hyperglycemia caused by diabetes. Early Hyperglycemia Symptoms Early symptoms of hyperglycemia, or high blood glucose sugarmay serve as a warning even before you test your glucose level. Typical symptoms may include:.
Ketoacidosis: When Hyperglycemia Becomes Severe for People with Type 1 Diabetes If you have type 1 diabetes, it is important to recognize and treat hyperglycemia because if left untreated it can lead to ketoacidosis.
This happens because without glucose, the body's cells must use ketones toxic acids as a source of energy. Ketoacidosis develops when ketones build up in the blood. It can become serious and lead to diabetic coma or even death. According to the American Diabetes Association, ketoacidosis affects people with type 1 diabetes, but it rarely affects what is business class on british airways with type 2 diabetes.
Additionally, stomach pain, nausea, vomiting, and confusion may accompany ketoacidosis. Immediate medical attention is highly recommended if you have any of these symptoms. Some people with diabetes are instructed by their doctor to regularly test ketone levels. Ketone testing is performed two ways: using meam or using blood.
For a urine test, you dip a special type of test strip into your urine. For testing blood ketones, a special meter and test strips are used. The test is performed exactly like eoevated blood glucose test. If ketone testing is part of your self-monitoring of diabetes, your healthcare professional will provide you with other information including prevention. HHNS is when your blood glucose level goes way too high—you become extremely hyperglycemic.
HHNS affects people with type 2 diabetes. HHNS is most likely to occur when you're sick, and elderly people are most likely to develop it. It starts when your blood glucose level starts to climb: when that happens, your body will try to get rid of all wht excess glucose through frequent urination. That dehydrates your body, and you'll become very glucowe.
Unfortunately, when you're sick, it's sometimes more difficult to rehydrate your body, as you know you should. For example, it might be difficult to keep fluids down.
When you don't rehydrate your body, the blood glucose level continues to climb, and it can eventually go so high that it could send you into a coma. To avoid hyperosmolar hyperglycemic nonketotic syndrome, you should keep close watch on your blood glucose level when you're sick you should always pay attention to your blood glucose level, but pay special attention when you're sick.
Talk to your healthcare professional about having a sick-day plan to follow that will help you avoid HHNS. Treating Hyperglycemia Treating hyperglycemia is a matter of working on preventing it. If your blood glucose level is consistently too high, talk with your doctor about what you can glucode to keep it in a more normal range.
He or she may suggest:. Preventing Hyperglycemia The easiest way to prevent hyperglycemia is to control your diabetes. That includes knowing the early symptoms—no matter how subtle. Remember, there are many aspects of your diabetes care you can control:. Hyperglycemia is a common complication of diabetes, but through medication, exercise, and careful meal planning, you can keep your blood glucose level from going too high—and that can help you in the long-run.
Keeping your blood glucose levels in the recommended ranges throughout the day will help you avoid long-term complications of diabetes, such as:. By maintaining your blood glucose levels—and avoiding hyperglycemia—you can reduce your risk of all these complications. American Diabetes Association. Hyperglycemia High Blood Glucose. Accessed February 18, Checking Your Blood Glucose. October 6, Endocrine Community. Email Print Discuss.
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Oct 25, · Fastinghyperglycemia. This is blood sugar that's higher than mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter) after not eating or drinking for at least 8 hours. Postprandial or after-meal hyperglycemia. This. A blood glucose test is a blood test that screens for diabetes by measuring the level of glucose (sugar) in a person’s blood. Normal blood glucose level (while fasting) range within 70 to 99 mg/dL ( to mmol/L). Higher ranges could indicate pre-diabetes or diabetes. Mar 11, · Hyperglycemia is the medical term describing an abnormally high blood glucose (blood sugar) level. Blood sugar is measured in a sample of blood taken from a vein or from a small finger stick sample of blood. It can be measured in a laboratory either alone or with other blood tests, or it can be measured using a handheld glucometer, a small device that allows frequent monitoring of blood .
The following categories of people are considered "high-risk" candidates for developing diabetes:. In addition to testing the above individuals at high risk, the American Diabetes Association also recommends screening all individuals age 45 and older.
Your body converts sugar, also called glucose, into energy so your body can function. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas. Its job is to move glucose from the bloodstream into the cells of tissues.
After you eat, the level of glucose in the blood rises sharply. The pancreas responds by releasing enough insulin to handle the increased level of glucose — moving the glucose out of the blood and into cells.
This helps return the blood glucose level to its former, lower level. As a result of either of these situations, the blood sugar level remains high, a condition called hyperglycemia or diabetes mellitus. If left undiagnosed and untreated, the eyes, kidneys, nerves, heart, blood vessels and other organs can be damaged. Measuring your blood glucose levels allows you and your doctor to know if you have, or are at risk for, developing diabetes. Much less commonly, the opposite can happen too.
Too low a level of blood sugar, a condition called hypoglycemia, can be caused by the presence of too much insulin or by other hormone disorders or liver disease. To get an accurate plasma glucose level, you must have fasted not eaten or had anything to drink except water for at least 8 hours prior to the test.
When you report to the clinic or laboratory, a small sample of blood will be taken from a vein in your arm. According to the practice recommendations of the American Diabetes Association, the results of the blood test are interpreted as follows:. Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Higher ranges could indicate pre-diabetes or diabetes.
Who is most at risk for developing diabetes? Test Details How can one tell if I have diabetes by examining my blood? If a person has diabetes, two situations may cause the blood sugar to increase: The pancreas does not make enough insulin The insulin does not work properly As a result of either of these situations, the blood sugar level remains high, a condition called hyperglycemia or diabetes mellitus. How do I prepare for the plasma glucose level test and how are the results interpreted?
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