How the Pilgrims and Reformation Formed America
Nov 13, · They were less religious refugees than economic migrants. When the Pilgrims set sail from Europe in , several powerful reasons propelled them . The Pilgrims were a group of English people who came to America seeking religious freedom during the reign of King James I. After two attempts to leave England and move to Holland, a Separatist group was finally relocated to Amsterdam where they stayed for about one year.
In grade school, most of us were taught about how the Pilgrims came to America for religious freedom, but often, we were not given the full picture. There is much more to the story about why the Pilgrims really came to America. To better understand why the Pilgrims left England to come to America, it may be helpful to briefly cokntry the religious landscape of the time. InEngland broke ties with the A,erica Catholic Church. However, after many years of struggling for change, some Puritans felt that little progress had been made toward true reform; they decided it was time counfry separate from the Church of England and start anew.
Thus began the distinction between the Puritans and the Separatists. Though the groups shared theological beliefs and values, the former chose to remain part of the Church of England, while the latter chose to separate. The Pilgrims were part of the Separatist group.
Unfortunately, at this time in England, the Church and State were intimately tied, and Separatists were considered treasonous; they lived in danger of both persecution and imprisonment. For this reason, a small group of Separatists from the village of Scrooby in north Nottinghamshire determined that it was time to leave England.
So, inthese Separatists sailed to Holland not America. For more than a decade, they enjoyed religious freedom in Holland how to hang beaded garland for christmas tree gathered openly for church under the leadership of Pastor John Robinson. So why not stay in Holland? They had found the religious freedom for which they came.
Here are the two main reasons why the pilgrims came to America, and the answers may surprise you! First and foremost, these Pilgrimsas they would come to be called, had a deep concern for the well-being of their children. Life in Holland had proved to be difficult. Pilgrimss only work available to immigrants was poorly paid, and despite their hard labor, they struggled constantly with poverty.
Work was taking a toll on both parents and children -- causing them to age before their time. William Bradford a passenger on the Mayflower and governor of the Plymouth Plantation explained:. Some became soldiers, others embarked pilgriims voyages by sea and others upon worse courses tending to dissoluteness and the danger of their souls, to the great grief of the parents and the dishonour of God. Anerica they saw their posterity would be in danger to degenerate and become corrupt.
Second, the Pilgrims longed to bring the gospel to people who had not yet heard the message of Jesus Christ:. So for the sake of their children and for the gospel, the Pilgrims made the historic decision to immigrate again — this what education does a lawyer need to America. These Pilgrims were prepared to make tremendous sacrifices for future generations — and the sacrifices proved to be costly.
By the end of their first winter in America, half of the passengers who had sailed to America on the Mayflower were dead. Yet, the Pilgrims persevered and remained faithful to their God. Perhaps for the sake of these committed Pilgrims, God chose to pour out his blessing on their descendants and their new country.
Bradford, William. Rendered into modern English by Harold Paget. Angie Mosteller is founder of Celebrating Holidays, an educational company dedicated to teaching the Christian roots of American holidays, as well as helping families to build fun and meaningful traditions.
For more information on the history and symbols of Thanksgiving, as well as creative ideas, visit www. Why the Pilgrims Really Came to America. Follow Crosswalk. What How to clean electric toothbrush Most Valuable in a Marriage?
May 23, · The first Pilgrims to reach America seeking religious freedom were English and settled in Massachusetts. The Pilgrims, founders of Plymouth, Massachusetts, arrived in In both Virginia and Massachusetts, the colonists flourished with some assistance from Native Americans. New World grains such as corn kept the colonists from starving while, in Virginia, tobacco provided a valuable cash crop. Nov 21, · There is much more to the story about why the Pilgrims really came to America. To better understand why the Pilgrims left England to come to America, it may be helpful to briefly review the.
The first Pilgrims to reach America seeking religious freedom were English and settled in Massachusetts. Well, not so fast. Some fifty years before the Mayflower left port, a band of French colonists came to the New World. Like the later English Pilgrims, these Protestants were victims of religious wars, raging across France and much of Europe. And like those later Pilgrims, they too wanted religious freedom and the chance for a new life. But they also wanted to attack Spanish treasure ships sailing back from the Americas.
It is a story of America's birth and baptism in a religious bloodbath. A few miles south of St. Augustine sits Fort Mantanzas the word is Spanish for "slaughters". Now a national monument, the place reveals the "hidden history" behind America's true "first pilgrims," an episode that speaks volumes about the European arrival in the Americas and the most untidy religious struggles that shaped the nation.
Each man also carried a twelve-pound sack of bread and a bottle of wine. Guided by friendly Timucuan tribesmen, the Spanish assault force had spent two difficult days negotiating the treacherous mile trek from St. Augustine, their recently established settlement further down the coast. Slowed by knee-deep muck that sucked at their boots, they had been forced to cross rain-swollen rivers, home to the man-eating monsters and flying fish of legend.
Wet, tired and miserable, they were far from home in a land that had completely swallowed two previous Spanish armies—conquistadors who themselves had been conquered by tropical diseases, starvation and hostile native warriors.
His objective was the French settlement of Fort Caroline, France's first foothold in the Americas, located near present-day Jacksonville, on what the French called the River of May.
On this pitch-black night, the small, triangular, wood-palisaded fort was occupied by a few hundred men, women and children. Attacking before dawn on September 20, with the frenzy of holy warriors, the Spanish easily overwhelmed Fort Caroline. With information provided by a French turncoat, the battle-tested Spanish soldiers used ladders to quickly mount the fort's wooden walls.
Inside the settlement, the sleeping Frenchmen—most of them farmers or laborers rather than soldiers—were caught off-guard, convinced that no attack could possibly come in the midst of such a terrible storm. But they had fatally miscalculated. The veteran Spanish harquebusiers swept in on the nightshirted and naked Frenchmen who leapt from their beds and grabbed futilely for weapons. Their attempts to mount any real defense were hopeless. The battle lasted less than an hour. Although some of the French defenders managed to escape the carnage, soldiers and civilians were killed in the fighting in the small fort.
The Spanish suffered no losses and only a single man was wounded. The forty or so French survivors fortunate enough to reach the safety of some boats anchored nearby, watched helplessly as Spanish soldiers flicked the eyeballs of the French dead with the points of their daggers. The shaken survivors then scuttled one of their boats and sailed the other two back to France.
The handful of Fort Caroline's defenders who were not lucky enough to escape were quickly rounded up by the Spanish. About fifty women and children were also taken captive, later to be shipped to Puerto Rico. The men were hung without hesitation. Matthew and its river San Juan St. Victims of the political and religious wars raging across Europe, the ill-fated inhabitants of Fort Caroline were not "Lutherans" at all. For the most part, they were Huguenots, French Protestants who followed the teachings of John Calvin, the French-born Protestant theologian.
Having built and settled Fort Caroline more than a year earlier, these French colonists had been left all but defenseless by the questionable decision of one of their leaders, Jean Ribault. Unaware that Fort Caroline had fallen, groups of French survivors of the storm-savaged fleet came ashore near present-day Daytona Beach and Cape Canaveral.
The bedraggled Frenchmen were met and captured by Spanish troops at a coastal inlet about 17 miles south of St. Augustine on September 29, Expecting to be imprisoned or perhaps ransomed, the exhausted and hungry Frenchmen surrendered without a fight. They were ferried across the inlet to a group of dunes where they were fed what proved to be a last meal.
At the Admiral's orders, between and of the French captives—documents differ on the exact number—were put to death. A handful escaped in the night, but on the next morning, more French captives were ferried across the same inlet and executed; once again, approximately a dozen were spared.
Augustine—the first permanent European settlement in the future United States, born and baptized in a religious bloodbath. Ribault suffered the same fate as his men. His head was cut into four parts, set on pikes and displayed in St. Just south of modern St.
Augustine, hidden off the well-worn tourist path of t-shirt stands, sprawling condos and beach-front hotels, stands a rather inconspicuous National Monument called Fort Matanzas. Accessible by a short ferry ride across a small river, it was built by the Spanish in to protect St.
Augustine from surprise attack. Fort Matanzas is more a large guardhouse than full-fledged fort. The modest structure, about fifty feet long on each side, was constructed of coquina, a local stone formed from clam shells and quarried from a nearby island.
Tourists who come across the simple tower certainly find it far less impressive than the formidable Castillo de San Marco, the star-shaped citadel that dominates St. Augustine's historic downtown. Unlike other Spanish sites in Florida named for Catholic saints or holy days, the fort's name comes from the Spanish word, matanzas , for "killings" or "slaughters. This largely unremarked atrocity from America's distant past was one small piece of the much larger struggle for the future of North America among contending European powers.
The notion of Spaniards fighting Frenchmen in Florida four decades before England established its first permanent settlement in America, and half a century before the Pilgrims sailed, is an unexpected notion to those accustomed to the familiar legends of Jamestown and Plymouth. The fact that these first settlers were Huguenots dispatched to establish a colony in America in , and motivated by the same sort of religious persecution that later drove the Pilgrims from England, may be equally surprising.
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Universal Crossword. Daily Word Search. Mah Jong Quest. Subscribe Top Menu. Archaeology U. History World History Video Newsletter. America's Hidden History book cover Smithsonian Books. Fort Matanzas, about fifty feet long on each side, was constructed of coquina, a local stone formed from clam shells and quarried from a nearby island. Fort Caroline, the small, triangular, wood-palisaded fort that was occupied by a few hundred men, women and children when attacked by the Spanish.
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