The Norwegian prison where inmates are treated like people
The Geneva Convention's mandate of equal treatment for prisoners also meant they were paid American military wages.: 78 They could work on farms or elsewhere only if they were also paid for their labor, and officers could not be compelled to work. As the United States sent millions of soldiers overseas, the resulting shortage of labor eventually meant that German POWs worked toward the Allied. Feb 25, · The Norwegian prison where inmates are treated like people Their main job is to count the prisoners – first thing in the morning, twice during the day at their workplaces, once en masse at a.
The rules and regulations concerning prisoners how are prisoners treated today war in Islam are covered in manuals of Islamic jurisprudencebased upon Islamic teachings, in both the Qur'an and hadith. The historical legal principles governing the treatment of prisoners of warin shar'iahIslamic law, in the traditional madhabs schools of Islamic jurisprudencewas then a significant improvement [ citation needed what is a tandem parachute jump over the pre-existing norms of society during Muhammad 's time see Early reforms under Islam.
Men, women, and children may all be taken as prisoners of war under traditional interpretations of Islamic law. Generally, a prisoner of war could be, at the discretion of the military leader, freed, ransomed, exchanged for Muslim prisoners, or kept in bondage. During his life, Muhammad made it the responsibility of the Islamic government to provide food and clothing, on a reasonable basis, to captives, regardless of their religion.
Historically, Muslims routinely captured large number of prisoners. Aside from those who converted to Islam, most were ransomed or enslaved. It was the custom to enslave prisoners of war and the Islamic state would have put itself at a grave disadvantage vis-a-vis its enemies had it not reciprocated to some extent. By guaranteeing them [male POWs] humane treatment, and various possibilities of subsequently releasing themselves, it how are prisoners treated today that a good number of combatants in the opposing armies preferred captivity at the hands of Muslims to death on the field of battle.
According to accounts written by Muhammad 's followers, after the Battle of Badrsome prisoners were executed for their earlier crimes in Mecca, [ additional citation s needed ] but the rest were given options: They could convert to Islam and thus win their freedom; they could pay ransom and win their freedom; they could teach 10 Muslims to read and write and thus win their freedom.
During his rule, Caliph Umar made it illegal to separate related prisoners of war from each other, after a captive complained to him for being separated from her daughter. These principles were also honoured during the Crusadesas exemplified by sultans such as Saladin [ additional citation s needed ] and al-Kamil. For example, after al-Kamil defeated the Franks during the CrusadesOliverus Scholasticus praised the Islamic laws of warcommenting on how al-Kamil supplied the defeated Frankish army with food:  [ additional citation s needed ].
Who could doubt that such goodness, friendship and charity come from God? Men whose parents, sons and daughters, brothers and sisters, had died in agony at our hands, whose lands we took, whom we drove naked from their homes, revived us with their own food when we were dying of hunger and showered us with kindness even when we were in their power.
Al-Qardawai, an Egyptian Muslim scholar born inadds in light of the verses below [ Quran ]that the Islamic state should go to war to rescue non-Muslim minorities if they require help of the state and if the Islamic state is able to rescue how to keep wooden fence posts from rotting. Take us from this city of the oppressive people and appoint for us from Your side a guardian and appoint for us from Your side a protector.
Those who have believed fight in the way of God and those who disbelieve fight in the way of Satan, so fight the allies of Satan; surely the plot of Satan is weak. Upon capture, the prisoners must be guarded and not ill-treated. This position is supported by the verse [ Quran ] of the Quran.
The prisoners must be fed in a dignified manner, and must not be forced to beg for their subsistence. After the fighting is over, prisoners are to be released freely, with some prospect of survival, or exchanged. The prisoners are not to be forced to convert to Islam. The freeing of captives is recommended both for the expiation of sins  and as an act of simple benevolence. According to the authentication of Muslim scholars, women and children prisoners of war cannot be killed under any circumstances, regardless of their faith,  but that they may be enslaved, freed or ransomed.
Women who are neither freed nor ransomed by their people were to be kept in bondage and referred to as ma malakat aymanukum slaves to give them their rights to survive peacefully, and they cannot be left astray. Some modern Islamic extremist groups have taken slavesincluding how to remove cigarette smell from fabric and children.
Abubakar Shekauthe leader of Boko Harama Nigerian extremist group, said in an interview "I shall capture people and make them slaves" when claiming responsibility for the Chibok kidnapping. Specifically, ISIL argued that the Yazidi were idol worshipers and justified the sexual slavery of the captured non-muslim victims as a permissible practice of enjoying the spoils of war. One traditional opinion holds that executing prisoners of war is strictly forbidden; this is the most-widely accepted view, and one upheld by the Hanafi madhab.
However, the opinion of the MalikiShafi'iHanbali and Jafari madhabs is that adult male prisoners of war may be executed. This opinion was also upheld by the Muslim judge, Sa'id bin Jubair AD and Abu Yusufa classical jurist from the Hanafi school of jurisprudence. In short, capital punishment for prisoners of war is only permissible in extreme cases of necessity and in the higher interests of the State. Most contemporary Muslim scholars prohibit altogether the killing of prisoners and hold that this was the policy practiced by Muhammad.
Yusuf Alianother 20th-century Muslim scholar, while commenting on verse [ Quran ]writes. Even those the enemies of Islamactively fighting against Islam, there may be individuals who may be in a position to require protection. Full asylum is to be given to them, and opportunities provided for hearing the Word of Allah If they do not see their way to accept Islam, they will require double protection: 1 from the Islamic forces openly fighting against their people, and 2 from their own people, as they detached themselves from them.
Both kinds of protection should be ensured for them, and they should be safely escorted to a place where they can be safe. Maududi further states that Islam forbids torturing, especially by fire, and quotes Muhammad as saying, "Punishment by fire does not behoove anyone except the Master of the Fire [God]. Quoting from the sources, Muhammad Munir, from the Department of Law of the International Islamic UniversityPakistansays that early religious authorities standing against the execution of POWs at all include 'Ali b.
Sirin d. Jabr d. Jurayj d. Ahmad al-Qurtubl d. Al-Hasan b. A famous case being 'Abd Allah b. One of the few persons who weren't granted immunity at the conquest of Mecca.
But he was the only one executed how are prisoners treated today what we would today call high treason as he collected tax money from Muslims before defecting and fighting them. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Aspect of Islamic jurisprudence. Shahada Salat Raka'ah Qibla Turbah. Sunnah salat Tahajjud Tarawih. Ihram clothing Mut'ah Tawaf What is sleep study like and Hajj.
Marriage Contract Mahr. Hudud Blasphemy Maisir gambling Zina illicit sex Hirabah unlawful warfare and banditry Fasad "mischief" Mofsed-e-filarz "spreading corruption" Fitna "sedition" Rajm stoning Tazir discretionary Qisas retaliation Diya compensation. Riba Murabaha Takaful Sukuk. Dhabihah Alcohol Pork. Jihad Hudna Istijarah asylum Prisoners of war.
Createspace Independent Pub,p. God's Rule: Government and Islam. Columbia University Press. ISBN Unveiling Islam. Islamic Texts Society,p. Archived from the original on Retrieved The Life of Mahomet Volume 3 ed. London: Smith, Elder and Co. Retrieved 22 October Justice Without Frontiers.
Brill Publishers. The Islamic law of war : justifications and regulations 1st ed. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. OCLC Its History, Teaching, and Practices. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
All Qur'anic citations are his. Retrieved 13 May ABC News. Retrieved 3 November The Telegraph. Islam topics. Outline of Islam. Shahada Salah Sawm Zakat Hajj. History Leaders. Life Culture. Law Jurisprudence. Family Marriage Sex. Islamic studies. Early Contemporary Eschatology Theological.
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A once-secret unit within the Guantanamo Bay detention center that had fallen into disrepair has been closed and the prisoners moved to another facility on the American base in Cuba, the U.S. military said Sunday. The prisoners at Camp 7 were transferred to a facility adjacent to where the other. Sep 28, · Counseling Today, Features Seeing people, not prisoners. By Kathleen Smith September 28, 3 Comments. Upon being released from prison in the United States, the prospects for ex-offenders are grim. In some states, they might get $20 and a pair of clothes to wear out the door. “I was that person. I was that officer who treated people. The rules and regulations concerning prisoners of war in Islam are covered in manuals of Islamic jurisprudence, based upon Islamic teachings, in both the Qur'an and hadith.. The historical legal principles governing the treatment of prisoners of war, in shar'iah, Islamic law, (in the traditional madhabs schools of Islamic jurisprudence), was then a significant improvement [citation needed.
T he first clue that things are done very differently on Bastoy prison island, which lies a couple of miles off the coast in the Oslo fjord, 46 miles south-east of Norway's capital, comes shortly after I board the prison ferry. I'm taken aback slightly when the ferry operative who welcomed me aboard just minutes earlier, and with whom I'm exchanging small talk about the weather, suddenly reveals he is a serving prisoner — doing 14 years for drug smuggling.
He notes my surprise, smiles, and takes off a thick glove before offering me his hand. Before he transferred to Bastoy, Petter was in a high-security prison for nearly eight years. There are big differences between the two countries, of course. Norway has a population of slightly less than five million, a 12th of the UK's. It has fewer than 4, prisoners; there are around 84, in the UK.
But what really sets us apart is the Norwegian attitude towards prisoners. Four years ago I was invited into Skien maximum security prison , 20 miles north of Oslo. I had heard stories about Norway's liberal attitude. In fact, Skien is a concrete fortress as daunting as any prison I have ever experienced and houses some of the most serious law-breakers in the country.
Recently it was the temporary residence of Anders Breivik , the man who massacred 77 people in July Despite the seriousness of their crimes, however, I found that the loss of liberty was all the punishment they suffered.
Cells had televisions, computers, integral showers and sanitation. Some prisoners were segregated for various reasons, but as the majority served their time — anything up to the year maximum sentence Norway has no death penalty or life sentence — they were offered education, training and skill-building programmes.
Instead of wings and landings they lived in small "pod" communities within the prison, limiting the spread of the corrosive criminal prison subculture that dominates traditionally designed prisons.
As the ferry powers through the freezing early-morning fog, Petter tells me he is appealing against his conviction. If it fails he will be on Bastoy until his release date in two years' time.
I ask him what life is like on the island. Everybody has to work. But we have free time so we can do some fishing, or in summer we can swim off the beach. We know we are prisoners but here we feel like people. I wasn't sure what to expect on Bastoy. A number of wide-eyed commentators before me have variously described conditions under which the island's prisoners live as "cushy", "luxurious" and, the old chestnut, "like a holiday camp". I'm sceptical of such media reports. As a life prisoner, I spent the first eight years of the 20 I served in a cell with a bed, a chair, a table and a bucket for my toilet.
In that time I was caught up in a major riot, trapped in a siege and witnessed regular acts of serious violence. Across the prison estate, several hundred prisoners took their own lives, half a dozen of whom I knew personally — and a number were murdered. Yet the constant refrain from the popular press was that I, too, was living in a "holiday camp".
When in-cell toilets were installed, and a few years later we were given small televisions, the "luxury prison" headlines intensified and for the rest of the time I was in prison, it never really abated. It always seemed to me while I was in jail that the real prison scandal was the horrendous rate of reoffending among released prisoners. That's the reason I'm keen to have a look at what has been hailed as the world's first "human ecological prison". Thorbjorn, a year-old guard who has worked on Bastoy for 17 years, gives me a warm welcome as I step on to dry land.
As we walk along the icy, snowbound track that leads to the admin block, he tells me how the prison operates. There are 70 members of staff on the 2. Their main job is to count the prisoners — first thing in the morning, twice during the day at their workplaces, once en masse at a specific assembly point at 5pm, and finally at 11pm, when they are confined to their respective houses.
Only four guards remain on the island after 4pm. Thorbjorn points out the small, brightly painted wooden bungalows dotted around the wintry landscape. They accommodate up to six people. Every man has his own room and they share kitchen and other facilities. I can see why some people might think such conditions controversial. The common understanding of prison is that it is a place of deprivation and penance rather than domestic comfort.
Prisoners in Norway can apply for a transfer to Bastoy when they have up to five years left of their sentence to serve. Every type of offender, including men convicted of murder or rape, may be accepted, so long as they fit the criteria, the main one being a determination to live a crime-free life on release.
I ask Thorbjorn what work the prisoners do on the island. He tells me about the farm where prisoners tend sheep, cows and chickens, or grow fruit and vegetables.
Other jobs are available in the laundry; in the stables looking after the horses that pull the island's cart transport; in the bicycle repair shop, many of the prisoners have their own bikes, bought with their own money ; on ground maintenance or in the timber workshop. The working day begins at 8. We walk past a group of red phone boxes from where prisoners can call family and friends.
A large building to our left is where weekly visits take place, in private family rooms where conjugal relations are allowed. After the security officer signs me in and takes my mobile, Thorbjorn delivers me to governor Arne Nilsen's office.
Through Nilsen's window I can see the church, the school and the library. Life for the prisoners is as normal as it is possible to be in a prison. It feels rather like a religious commune; there is a sense of peace about the place, although the absence of women apart from some uniformed guards and children is noticeable.
Nilsen has coined a phrase for his prison: "an arena of developing responsibility. In the law, being sent to prison is nothing to do with putting you in a terrible prison to make you suffer. The punishment is that you lose your freedom.
If we treat people like animals when they are in prison they are likely to behave like animals. Here we pay attention to you as human beings. A clinical psychologist by profession, Nilsen shrugs off any notion that he is running a holiday camp.
I sense his frustration. That is justice. I'm not stupid. I'm a realist. Here I give prisoners respect; this way we teach them to respect others. But we are watching them all the time. It is important that when they are released they are less likely to commit more crimes. That is justice for society. The reoffending rate for those released from Bastoy speaks for itself. But who are the prisoners on Bastoy? Are they the goodie-goodies of the system? Hessle is 23 years old and serving 11 years for murder.
Drugs have blighted his life and driven his criminality. There are three golden rules on Bastoy: no violence, no alcohol and no drugs. Here, he works in the stables tending the horses and has nearly four years left to serve.
How does he see the future? When I get out I want to live and have a family. Here I am learning to be able to do that.
Hessle plays the guitar and is rehearsing with other prisoners in the Bastoy Blues Band. Last year they were given permission to attend a music festival as a support act that ZZ Top headlined. Bjorn is the band's teacher. Once a Bastoy prisoner who served five years for attacking his wife in a "moment of madness", he now returns once a week to teach guitar.
Formerly a social researcher, he has formed links with construction companies he previously worked for that have promised to consider employing band members if they can demonstrate reliability and commitment. Sven, another band member, was also convicted of murder, and sentenced to eight years. The year-old was an unemployed labourer before his conviction. He works in the timber yard and is waiting to see if his application to be "house father" in his five-man bungalow is successful.
The female guard who introduces me to the band is called Rutchie. It takes three years to train to be a prison guard in Norway. She looks at me with disbelief when I tell her that in the UK prison officer training is just six weeks. I'm still learning.
Finally, I'm introduced to Vidor, who at 72 is the oldest prisoner on the island. He works in the laundry and is the house father of his four-man bungalow. I haven't asked any of the prisoners about their crimes. The information has been offered voluntarily. Vidor does the same. He tells me he is serving 15 years for double manslaughter. There is a deep sadness in his eyes, even when he smiles. He tells me that in the aftermath of his crimes he was "on the floor". He cried a lot at first.
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